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House of Habsburg HolyRomanEmpire.png / KingdomSpain.png
Habsburg.jpeg
Information
Real Name: Haus Habsburg
Founded: 11th century
Location: Germany / Austria / Spain / Hungary / Bohemia / Croatia / Naples / Portugal / Sicily
Title(s):

- Holy Roman Emperor
- Emperor of Austria
- Emperor of Mexico
- King of the Romans
- King of Germany
- King of Spain
- King of Italy
- King of Castile
- King of Aragon
- King of Valencia
- King of Mallorca
- King of León
- King of Sicily
- King of Naples
- King of Navarre
- King of Hungary
- King of Jerusalem
- King of Bohemia
- King of Croatia
- King of Portugal
- King of Galicia and Lodomeria
- King of England
- King of Ireland
- King of France
- Grand Prince of Transylvania
- Archduke of Austria
- Duke of Burgundy
- Duke of Guelders
- Duke of Luxembourg
- Duke of Milan
- Duke of Lothier
- Duke of Brabant
- Duke of Limburg
- Duke of Luxemburg
- Margrave of Namur
- Count of Artois
- Count Palatine of Burgundy
- Count of Holland
- Count of Flanders
- Count of Hainaut
- Count of Charolais
- Count of Zeeland
- Count of Zutphen
- Duke of Parma
- Margrave of Moravia
- Count of Habsburg

People
Head: Leopold I
Kings: Charles II (Spain)
Queens: Anne(France)
Marie-Thérèse(France)
Eleanor (Poland)
Affiliations: Holy Roman Empire

Kingdom of Spain

The House of Habsburg was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs from 1438 until their extinction in the male line in 1740. The house also produced emperors and kings of many other countries (see Title(s)).

The Habsburg made also 5 kings of Spain, before they were replaced by the House of Bourbon.

Emperors and Kings

The Habsburg produced Twelve Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire:

  • Rudolf I (1273-1291)
  • Albrecht I (1298-1308)
  • Frederick III (1452-1493)
  • Ferdinand I (1558-1564)
  • Maximilian II (1568-1576)
  • Rudolf II (1576–1612)
  • Matthias (1612-1619)
  • Ferdinand II (1619-1637)
  • Ferdinand III (1636-1657)
  • Leopold I (1657–1705)
  • Joseph I (1705–1711)
  • Charles VI (1711–1740)

The Habsburg produced Five Kings of Spain:

  • Charles I (1516-1556)
  • Philip II (1556-1598)
  • Philipp III (1598-1621)
  • Philipp IV (1621-1665)
  • Charles II (1665-1700)

Members

1st Generation

2nd Generation

History

The House takes its name from Habsburg Castle, a fortress built in the 1020s in present-day Switzerland, in the canton of Aargau, by Count Radbot of Klettgau, who chose to name his fortress Habsburg. His grandson Otto II was the first to take the fortress name as his own, adding "Count of Habsburg" to his title. The House of Habsburg gathered dynastic momentum through the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.

By 1276, Count Radbot's seventh generation descendant Rudolph of Habsburgmoved the family's power base from Habsburg Castle to the Duchy of Austria. Rudolph became King of Germany in 1273, and the dynasty of the House of Habsburg was truly entrenched in 1276 when Rudolph became ruler of Austria, which the Habsburgs and their descendants ruled until 1918.

A series of dynastic marriages enabled the family to vastly expand its domains to include Burgundy, Spain and its colonial empire, Bohemia, Hungary, and other territories. In the 16th century, the family separated into the senior Habsburg Spain and the junior Habsburg Monarchy branches, who settled their mutual claims in the Oñate treaty.

The House of Habsburg became extinct in the 18th century. The senior Spanish branch ended upon the death of Charles II of Spain in 1700 and was replaced by the House of Bourbon. The remaining Austrian branch became extinct in the male line in 1740 with the death of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, and completely in 1780 with the death of his eldest daughter Maria Theresa of Austria. It was succeeded by the Vaudémont branch of the House of Lorraine, descendants of Maria Theresa's marriage to Francis III, Duke of Lorraine. The new successor house styled itself formally as the House of Habsburg-Lorraine (German: Habsburg-Lothringen), and because it was often confusingly still referred to as the House of Habsburg, historians use the unofficial appellation of the Habsburg Monarchy for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918. The Lorraine branch continues to exist to this day and its members use the Habsburg name (example: Otto von Habsburg).

Sources

Wikipedia / House of Habsburg